If the acidic environment of the intimate zone is disrupted it becomes easier for harmful bacteria to reproduce. This can cause an imbalance in the vaginal flora, which can lead to vaginal discomfort. If you are experiencing itching, excess discharge, or painful urination, you may have a vaginal infection.
A vaginal infection is an inflammation of the vagina characterized by swelling, redness, heat, pain, and an abnormal vaginal discharge. It can be caused by an overgrowth of bacteria or fungi.
There are many types of vaginal infections, each causing different kinds of symptoms.
The most common infections include:
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial vaginosis (also known as BV) is a condition that arises when there is an imbalance between the different bacteria in the vaginal flora, and there is an overgrowth of harmful bacteria combined with an increase in pH. BV is the most common cause of vaginal discharge, and affects up to 1 in 3 women, including up to 20% of pregnant women.1
The symptoms of BV include a watery greyish discharge that sometimes has an unpleasant (fishy) odor. This discharge is often heaviest after a period or after sex. BV does not usually cause any irritation or itching. Keep in mind that BV does not always cause symptoms and many women can have it without realizing it.
Yeast infection (candida)
Yeast is a fungus, naturally present in the vagina. Normally, the amount of yeast is small. A yeast infection means that there is an abnormal amount of yeast-cell build-up in the vagina. Although this type of infection is common and easy to treat, it can be very uncomfortable.
The symptoms of a yeast infection include a thick, white, clumpy, discharge – but unlike with BV, this discharge is odorless. Most women experience vaginal itching, soreness, and a burning sensation during urination or sex.
It’s good to know that a certain amount of vaginal discharge is perfectly normal. The vaginal walls and cervix contain glands that produce a small amount of fluid that helps keep the vagina clean. This normal fluid is usually clear or milky white, and does not have an unpleasant odor. Normal vaginal discharge is thicker at specific times of the menstrual cycle (particularly at the time of ovulation), during breastfeeding, or during sexual arousal.
However, if a change in discharge occurs, if your discharge has an unpleasant smell, or if you experience vaginal bleeding or pain you should speak to your doctor or gynecologist.
Lactacyd products respect the natural acidity of the vagina, because they are enriched with natural lactic acid and have a balanced acidic pH.